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English Culture Centre
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1. Earliest times

1.1. The foundation stones

1.1.1. The island

a. What influences life in every country in spite of the level of development?

b. Which part of Britain has always been most populated?

c. What saved Britain at the moments of danger?


1.1.2. Britain's prehistory

a. Has always Britain been an island?

b. How old is the first evidence of human life in Britain?

c. What did the Britons do 12 000 years ago to survive?

d. Who built the 'henges' ?

e. What is the origin of the legendary King Arthur's sword?


1.1.3. The Celts

a. When did they come to Britain and what did they introduce?

b. Is their language still used in Great Britain?

c. What were their priests called?

d. When, where and how often did they meet?

e. Whose monument is situated in front of the Parliament?


1.1.4. The Romans

a. Where does the name Britain come from?

b. When did Julius Caesar come to Britain?

c. How did the Romans defense the Celts from the north?

d. When did they leave Britain?


1.2. The Saxon invasion

1.2.1. The invaders

a. Where did the Saxons come from?

b. Why are the names of the days written with capital letters?

c. Do the names of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms still exist?


1.2.2. Government and society

a. Was there any democracy in the Saxon times?


1.2.3. Christian Church

a. When did Christianity come to Britain?

b. How Could the Church help the king?


1.2.4. The Vikings

a. What is the other meaning of the word 'Viking'?

b. When did they settle in Britain?


1.2.5. Who should be the king?

a. Who was the grandfather of Canute the Great?

b. When was the battle of Hasting?

c. Who won the battle?


2. The Middle Ages

2.1. Conquest and feudal rule

2.1.1. The Normans

a. Did the British easily accept the new invaders?

b. Who held the land according to feudal law?


2.2. The centuries of war, plague and disorder

2.2.1 The Plantagenets

Which English king led the crusade?

Who was left home “alone”?

What was the plague call?

Who established the Order of the Garter?


2.2.2 The war of the roses

a. Whose symbols were the two roses?

b. Who murdered two 'little princes'?


3. The Renaissance

3.1. The birth of the nation state

3.1.1. The Tudors

a. Who had six wives and why?

b. Who was 'bloody' and why?

c. Who died as a virgin?


3.1.2. The Reformation

a. How did the king get the money he needed?

b. Why did the king become the head of the English church?


3.1.3. The New Trading Empire

a. Who put the foundation for the British trade?

b. What was the most spectacular success of the English fleet?

c. Which part of the USA was named after the queen?


4. Revolution and Restoration

4.1. The Stuarts

4.1.1. Parliament against the Crown

a. What were the names of Elizabeth's children?

b. Which number did King James have?

c. Which country did he come from?


4.1.2. The Glorious Revolution

a. What are the names of the two Houses of Parliament?

b. Why did Charles I wear two shirts?

c. Who was the leader of the Republic?


4.1.3 The Restoration

a. Where did the Puritans go to look for the place to live?

b. What was the name of Pilgrim Father's ship?

c. What happened in London in 1666?

d. When did England and Scotland become united?


5. The Empire

5.1. The Hanoverians

5.1.1. The Kings

a. Where did the dynasty come from?

b. What was the most popular name for their kings?

c. Which of them was mad?

d. When did they lose their American colonies?


5.1.2. The Victory

a. Who was Horatio Nelson?

b. Who defeated Napoleon on land?

c. What was called “Jewel in the Crown”


5.1.3. The years of self-confidence

a. Why was Ireland united with Great Britain in the United Kingdom?

b. When was the slave trade abolished?


5.2. The Victorian age

5.2.1. The Royal Family

a. How long did Victoria reign?

b. What was the name of her husband?


5.2.2. Industry

a. What was the Crystal Palace built for?

b. Which part of the world was controlled by Britain?


5.2.3. Life and education

a. Who was the most famous writer of that time?

b. Who was the author of theory of evolution?


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